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A History of the Native People of Canada
Volume I (10,000 to 1,000 B.C.)

References (Volume I)


Ackerman, Robert E.

1980 Microblades and prehistory: technological and cultural considerations for the north Pacific coast. In Early Native Americans, Prehistoric Demography, Economy, and Technology. D.L. Browman (ed.): 189-197. The Hague.


Aigner, Jean S. and Terry DelBene

1982 Early Holocene maritime adaptation in the Aleutian Islands. In Peopling of the New World. Jonathon E. Ericson, R.E. Taylor, and Rainer Berger (eds.): 36-67. Ballena Press Anthropological Papers 23.


Aikens, C. Melvin

1978 The Far West. In Ancient Native Americans. Jesse D. Jennings (ed.): 131-181. Freeman Press.  

1990 From Asia to America: the first peopling of the New World. In Prehistoric Mongoloid Dispersals. Takeru Akazawa et al. (eds.): 1-34. Newsletter of the "Prehistoric Mongoloid Dispersals" Project, No.7, Special Issue.


Alexander, Herbert L.

1987 Putu, a Fluted Point site in Alaska. Department of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University, Publication No.17.


Ames, Kenneth M.

1981 The evolution of social ranking on the Northwest Coast of North America. American Antiquity, Vol.46 (4): 789-805.


Anderson, Douglas D.

1970 Akmak: an early archaeological assemblage from Onion Portage, Northwest Alaska. Acta Arctica 16. Copenhagen.  

1980 Continuity and change in the prehistoric record from north Alaska. In Alaska Native Culture and History. Yoshinobu Kotani and William B. Workman (eds.): 233-252. Senri Ethnological Studies, No.4, National Museum of Ethnology, Senri. Osaka.  

1984 Prehistory of North Alaska. In Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant (gen. ed.). Vol.5, Arctic. David Damas (vol. ed.): 80-93. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.


Anderson, T.W., R.W. Mathewes and C.E. Schweger

1989 Holocene climatic trends in Canada with special reference to the Hypsithermal Interval. In Chapter 7 of Quaternary Geology of Canada and Greenland. R.J. Fulton (ed.): 520-528. Geological Survey of Canada, Geology of Canada No.1.


Bedwell, S.F.

1973 Fort Rock Basin prehistory and environment. University of Oregon Books, Eugene.


Benmouyal, Jose

1987 Des Paléoindiens aux Iroquoiens en Gaspésie : six mille ans d'histoire. Dossiers, Soixante-trois. Ministère des Affaires culturelles, Québec.


Beukens, R.P., L.A. Pavlish, R.G.V. Hancock, R.M. Farquhar, G.C. Wilson, P.J. Julig, and William Ross

1992 Radiocarbon dating of copper-preserved organics. Radiocarbon, Vol.34 (3): 890-897.


Bobrowsky, Peter T., Norm R. Catto, Jack W. Brink, Brian E. Spurling, Terry H. Gibson, and Nathaniel W. Rutter

1990 Archaeological geology of sites in western and northwestern Canada. In Archaeological Geology of North America. N.P. Larca and J. Donahue (eds.): 87-122, chapter 5. Geological Society of America, Centennial Special Volume 4.


Bobrowsky, Peter T. and Nat Rutter

1990 Geologic evidence for an Ice-Free-Corridor in northeastern British Columbia, Canada. In Current Research in the Pleistocene, Paleoenvironments: Geosciences, Vol.7: 133-135.


Bonnichsen R. and D. Young

1980 Early technological repertoires: bones to stones. Canadian Journal of Anthropology Vol.1: 123-228.


Borden, Charles E.

1961 Fraser River Archaeological Project. National Museum of Canada, Anthropology Papers No.1.  

1975 Origins and development of early Northwest Coast culture to about 3000 B.C. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 45.  

1976 A water-saturated site on the South Mainland Coast of British Columbia. In The Excavation of Water-saturated Archaeological Sites (Wet Sites) on the Northwest Coast of North America. Dale R. Croes (ed.): 234-260. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 50.


Bourque, Bruce J.

1975 Comments on the Late Archaic populations of central Maine: the view from the Turner Farm. Arctic Anthropology XII (2): 35-45.


Bryan, Alan. L.

1969 Early Man in America and the late Pleistocene chronology of western Canada and Alaska. Current Anthropology Vol.10: 339-367.  

1978 An overview of Paleo-American prehistory from a circum-Pacific perspective. Occasional Paper No.1, Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta. Alan Lyle Bryan (ed.): 306-327.


Bryson, R.A., D.A. Baerreis and W.M. Wendland

1970 The character of late glacial and post-glacial climatic changes. In Pleistocene and Recent Environments of the Central Great Plains. W. Dort Jr. and J.K. Knox Jr. (eds.): 53-74, Department of Geology, University of Kansas Press, Special Publication 3.


Buchner, A.P.

1980 Cultural responses to Altithermal (Atlantic) climate along the eastern margins of the North American Grasslands 5500 to 3000 B.C. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 97.  

1981 Sinnock: a Paleolithic camp and kill site in Manitoba. Papers in Manitoba Archaeology, Final Report No.10, Department of Cultural Affairs and Historical Resources, Historic Resources Branch, Manitoba.  

1984 Investigations at the Sinnock site, 1980 and 1982. Papers in Manitoba Archaeology, Final Report No.17, Department of Culture, Heritage and Recreation. Manitoba.


Buchner, A.P. and L.F. Pettipas

1990 The early occupations of the Glacial Lake Agassiz Basin in Manitoba; 11,500 to 7,700 BP. In Archaeological Geology of North America. N.P. Lasca and J. Donahue (eds.): 51-59. Geological Society of America, Centennial Special Volume 4.


Buckmaster, Marla M. and James R. Paquette

1988 The Gorto site: preliminary report on a Late Paleo-Indian site in Marquette County, Michigan. The Wisconsin Archaeologist, Vol.69 (3): 101-124.


Butler, B. Robert

1961 The Old Cordilleran culture in the Pacific Northwest. Occasional Papers of the Idaho State College Museum, No.5. Pocatello.


Byers, Douglas S.

1959 The Eastern Archaic, some problems and hypotheses. American Antiquity, Vol.24 (3): 233-256.


Calder, James M.

1977 The Majorville Cairn and Medicine Wheel site, Alberta. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 62.


Campbell, John M.

1962 Cultural succession at Anaktuvuk Pass, Arctic Alaska. In Prehistoric Cultural Relations between the Arctic and Temperate Zones of North America. John M. Campbell (ed.): 39-54. Arctic Institute of North America, Technical Paper No.11.


Campbell, Lyle and Marianne Mithun

1979 Introduction: North American Indian historical linguistics in current perspective. In The Languages of Native America: Historical and Comparative Assessment. Lyle Campbell and Marianne Mithun (eds.): 3-69. University of Texas Press.


Carignan, Paul

1975 The Beaches: a multi-component habitation site in Bonavista Bay. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 39.


Carlson, Catherine

1979 The early component at Bear Cove. Canadian Journal of Archaeology No.3: 177-194.


Carlson, Roy L.

1979 The Early Period on the Central Coast of British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Archaeology No.3: 211-228.  

1983 The Far West. In Early Man in the New World. Richard Shutler Jr. (ed.): 73-96. Sage Publications.  

1988 The view from the north. In Early Human Occupation in Far Western North America: the Clovis-Archaic Interface. Judith A. Willig, C. Melvin Aikens, and Joan L. Fagan (eds.): 319-324. Nevada State Museum, Anthropological Papers No.21.  

1990 Cultural antecedents. In Handbook of the North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant (gen. ed.). Vol.7, Northwest Coast. Wayne Suttles (vol. ed.): 60-69. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.


Chevrier, Daniel

1978 La Côte Nord de Saint-Laurent. Recherches amérindiennes au Québec VII (1-2): 75-86.


Choquette, Wayne

1972 Archaeological investigations in the East Kootenay regions, B.C. Canadian Archaeological Association, Bulletin 4: 83-84.  

1973 Archaeological investigations in the Rocky Mountain Trench and adjacent mountains, southeastern British Columbia, 1973. Canadian Archaeological Association, Bulletin 5: 117-119.  

1987 A palaeoclimatic model for the Upper Columbia Basin. In Man and the Mid-Holocene Climatic Optimum. Neil A. McKinnon and G.S.L. Stuart (eds.): 311-344. Proceedings of the 17th Annual Chacmool Conference. The University of Calgary Archaeological Association. University of Calgary.


Cinq-Mars, Jacques

1979 Bluefish Cave 1: a Late Pleistocene eastern Beringian cave deposit in the northern Yukon. Canadian Journal of Archaeology No.3: 1-32.  

1990 La place des Grottes du Poisson-Bleu dans la préhistoirie Beringienne. Revista de Arqueología Americana, Número 1, Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia: 9-32.


Clark, Donald W.

1981 Prehistory of the Western Subarctic. In Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant (gen. ed.), Vol.6, Subarctic. June Helm (vol. ed.): 107-129. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.  

1983 Is there a northern Cordilleran tradition? Canadian Journal of Archaeology, Vol.7 (1): 23-48.  

1987 Archaeological reconnaissance at Great Bear Lake. Canadian Museum of Civilization, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 136.  

1991 Western Subarctic prehistory. Canadian Prehistory Series, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Canadian Museum of Civilization.  

1992 A microblade production station (KbTx-2) in the south central Yukon. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, Vol.16: 3-23.


Clark, Donald W. and Richard E. Morlan

1982 Western Subarctic prehistory: twenty years later. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, No.6: 79-94.


Clermont, Norman et Claude Chapdelaine

1982 Pointe-du-Buisson 4: quarante siècles d'archives oubliées. Recherches amérindiennes au Québec, Edition Special.


Cotter, J.L.

1937 The significance of Folsom and Yuma artifact occurrences in the light of typology and distribution. In 25th Anniversary Studies. D.S. Davidson (ed.): 27-36. Philadelphia Anthropological Society.


Cox, Steven L.

1978 Palaeo-Eskimo occupations of the north Labrador coast. Arctic Anthropology XV (2): 96-118.


Deller, D. Brian and Christopher J. Ellis

1992 Thedford II, a Paleo-Indian site in the Ausable River Watershed of Southwestern Ontario. Memoirs, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan, No.24.


Dikov, N.N.

1978 Ancestors of Paleo-Indians and Proto-Eskimo-Aleuts in the Paleolithic of Kamchatka. In Early Man in America from a Circum-Pacific Perspective. A.L. Bryan (ed.): 68-69. Department of Anthropology, University of Alberta, Occasional Papers 1.


Dillehay, Tom D. and David J. Meltzer

1991 The first Americans, search and research. CRC Press.


Dincauze, Dena F.

1976 The Neville site, 8,000 years at Amoskeng, Manchester, New Hampshire. Peabody Museum Monographs, No.4.  

1984 An archaeological evaluation of the case for pre-Clovis occupations. In Advances in World Archaeology 3. Fred Wendorf and Angela E. Close (eds.): 275-323.


Dixon, E. James, Jr.

1985 Cultural chronology of central interior Alaska. Arctic Anthropology XX (1): 47-66.


Dragoo, Don W.

1959 Archaic hunters of the Upper Ohio Valley. Carnegie Museum, Anthropological Series No.3.  

1966 The Archaic or hunting, fishing, gathering stage, a review. New York State Archeological Association, The Bulletin 36: 5-9.


Dumais, Pierre

1978 Le Bas Saint-Laurent. En Images de la préhistoire du Québec. Claude Chapdelaine (ed.). Recherches amérindiennes au Québec VII (1-2): 63-74.


Dumond, Don E.

1977 The Eskimos and Aleuts. London: Thames and Hudson.  

1978 Alaska and the Northwest Coast. In Ancient Native Americans. Jesse D. Jennings (ed.): 42-94. Freeman Publications.  

1984 Prehistory: summary. In Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant (gen. ed.), Vol.5, Arctic. David Damas (vol. ed.): 72-79. Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.


Dyck, Ian G.

1977 The Harder site: a Middle Period bison hunter's campsite in the northern Great Plains. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 67.  

1983 The prehistory of southern Saskatchewan. In Tracking Ancient Hunters: Prehistoric Archaeology in Saskatchewan. H.T. Epp and I. Dyck (eds.): 63-139. Saskatchewan Archaeological Society, Regina.


Dyck, Ian and Richard E. Morlan

(in press) Hunting and gathering traditions: Canadian Prairies. In Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant (gen. ed.), Vol.13, Plains, Raymond J. DeMallie (vol. ed.). Smithsonian Institution.


Ebell, S. Biron

1980 The Parkhill site: an Agate Basin surface collection in south central Saskatchewan. Pastlog 4, Manuscript Series in Archaeology and History, Saskatchewan Culture and Youth, Regina.


Ellis, Chris J, Ian T. Kenyon and Michael W. Spence

1990 The Archaic. In The Archaeology of Southern Ontario to A.D. 1650. Chris J. Ellis and Neal Ferris (eds.): 65-124. Ontario Archaeological Society, London Chapter, Occasional Publication No.5.


Epp, Henry T. and Ian Dyck (eds.)

1983 Tracking ancient hunters, prehistoric archaeology in Saskatchewan. Saskatchewan Archaeological Society, Regina.


Feit, Harvey A.

1973 The ethno-ecology of the Waswanipi Cree: or, how hunters can manage their resources. In Cultural Ecology: Readings on the Canadian Indians and Eskimos. Bruce A. Cox (ed.): 115-125.


Figgins, J.D.

1927 The antiquity of man in America. Natural History 27: 229-239.


Fitzhugh, William W.

1972 Environmental archeology and cultural systems in Hamilton Inlet, Labrador. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology No.16.  

1976 Environmental factors in the evolution of Dorset culture: a marginal proposal for Hudson Bay. In Eastern Arctic Prehistory: Paleoeskimo Problems. Moreau S. Maxwell (eds.): 139-149. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, No.31.  

1978 Maritime Archaic cultures of the central and northern Labrador coast. Arctic Anthropology XV (2): 61-95.  

1985 The Nulliak pendants and their relation to spiritual traditions in Northeast prehistory. Arctic Anthropology XXII (2): 87-109.


Fladmark, Knut R.

1975 A paleoecological model for Northwest Coast prehistory. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury Series 48.  

1979 Routes: alternate migration corridors for Early Man in North America. American Antiquity Vol.44 (1): 55-69.  

1981 Paleo-Indian artifacts from the Peace River District. BC Studies, No.48, Winter 1980-81: 124-135.  

1982 An introduction to the prehistory of British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Archaeology No.6: 95-156.  

1983 Times and places: environmental correlates of Mid-to-Late Wisconsinan human population expansion in North America. In Early Man in the New World. Richard Shutler Jr. (ed.): 13-42, Sage Publications, Beverly Hills / London / New Delhi.  

1986 The prehistory of British Columbia. National Museum of Man, Canadian Prehistory Series, National Museums of Canada.


Fladmark, Knut R., Kenneth M. Ames, and Patricia D. Sutherland

1990 Prehistory of the Northern Coast of British Columbia. In Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant (gen. ed.). Vol.7, Northwest Coast. Wayne Suttles (vol. ed.): 229-239. Smithsonian Institution.


Forbis, Richard G.

1992 The Mesoindian (Archaic) Period in the Northern Plains. Revista de Arqueología Americana, Número 5: 27-70. Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia.


Fowler, Melvin L.

1959 Summary report of Modoc Rock Shelter, 1952, 1953, 1955, 1956. Illinois State Museum. Report of Investigations 8. Springfield.


Frison, George C.

1983 The Western Plains and Mountain Region. In Early Man in the New World. ed. Richard Shutler, Jr.: 109-124, Sage Publications. Beverely Hills.  

1990 The North American High Plains Paleoindian: an overview. In Revista de Arqueología Americana, Número 2: 9-54. Instituto Panamericano de Geografía e Historia.


Funk, Robert E.

1965 The Archaic of the Hudson Valley: new evidence and new interpretations. Pennsylvania Archaeologist XXXV (3-4): 139-160.  

1983 The Northeastern United States. In Ancient Native Americans, Vol.1. Jesse D. Jennings (ed.): 303-371. W. H. Freeman.  

1988 The Laurentian concept: a review. Archaeology of Eastern North America, Vol.16: 1-42.


Giddings, J. Louis

1951 The Denbigh Flint complex. American Antiquity, Vol.16 (3): 193-203.  

1956 A flint site in northern most Manitoba. American Antiquity, Vol.21 (3): 255-268.


Gordon, Bryan H.C.

1975 Of men and herds in Barrenland prehistory. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 28.  

1976 Migod - 8,000 years of Barrenland prehistory. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 56.


Gordon, Bryan C. and Howard Savage

1973 Mackenzie Delta archaeology - 1972. In Preliminary Archaeological Study, Mackenzie Corridor. J. Cinq-Mars (ed.): Appendix D, Environmental-Social Committee Northern Pipelines, Task Force on Northern Development, Report No.73-10.  

1974 Whirl Lake: a stratified Indian site near the Mackenzie Delta. Arctic, 27 (3): 175-188.


Gotthardt, Ruth Margrit

1990 The archaeological sequence in the Northern Cordillera: a consideration of typology and traditions. Heritage Branch, Government of the Yukon, Hude Hudan Series, Occasional Papers in Archaeology No.1.


Grayson, Donald K.

1988 Perspectives on the archaeology of the first Americans. In Americans before Columbus: Ice-Age Origins. Ronald C. Carlisle (ed.): 107-123. Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburg, Ethnology Monographs No.12.


Greenberg, Joseph H., Christy G. Turner II, and Stephen L. Zegura

1986 The settlement of the Americas: a comparison of the linguistic, dental, and genetic evidence. Current Anthropology 27 (5): 477-497.


Greenman, E.F. and George M. Stanley

1940 A geologically dated camp site, Georgian Bay, Ontario. American Antiquity Vol.5 (3): 194-199.


Griffin, James B.

1977 A commentary on Early Man studies in the Northeast. In Amerinds and their Environments in Northeastern North America. Walter S. Newman and Bert Salwen (eds.): 3-15. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol.288.  

1978 The Midlands and northeastern United States. In Ancient Native Americans. Jesse D. Jennings (ed.): 221-280.


Gryba, Eugene M.

1976 The early side-notched component at site DjOn-26. Archaeological Survey of Alberta, Archaeology in Alberta 1975, Occasional Paper 1. J. Michael Quigg and W.J. Bryne (eds.): 92-107.  

1980 The early side-notched point tradition on the central and northern Plains. Directions in Manitoba Prehistory, Papers in Honour of Chris Vickers. Leo Pettipas (ed.): 37-63.


Guthrie, R.D.

1982 Mammals of the mammoth steppe as paleoenvironmental indicators. In Paleoecology of Beringia. D.M. Hopkins, J.V. Matthews Jr., C.E. Scheweger, and S.B. Young (eds.): 307-326. Academic Press, New York.


Hanks, Christopher C.

1988 The Foxie Otter site, a multicomponent occupation north of Lake Huron. Anthropological Papers No. 79, Museum of Anthropology, University of Michigan.


Harp, Elmer Jr.

1964 Evidence of Boreal Archaic culture in southern Labrador and Newfoundland. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 193: 184-261.


Harris, R. Cole (ed.) and Geoffrey J. Matthews (carto.)

1987 Historical Atlas of Canada, Volume I, From the Beginning to 1800. University of Toronto Press.


Haynes, C. Vance

1980 The Clovis Culture. In Proceedings of the Fifth Biennial Conference of the American Quaternary Association, Edmonton, September 2-4, 1978, Canadian Journal of Anthropology, No. (1): 115-121.  

1982 Were Clovis progenitors in Beringia? In Paleoecology of Beringia. David M. Hopkins, John V. Matthews Jr., Charles E. Schweger, and Steven B. Young (eds.): 383-398. Academic Press, New York.


Haynes, C. Vance, D.J. Donahue, A.J.T. Jull, and T.H. Zabel

1984 Application of accelerator dating to Fluted Point Paleoindian sites. In New Experiments upon the Record of Eastern Palaeo-Indian Cultures, Archaeology of Eastern North America, 12: 184-191.


Helmer, James W.

1986 A face from the past: an early Pre-Dorset ivory maskette from Devon Island, N.W.T. Études Inuit Studies, Vol.10 (1-2): 179-202.


Helmer, James W. and Brenda V. Kennedy

1986 Early Palaeo-Eskimo skeletal remains from north Devon Island, High Arctic Canada. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, Vol.10: 127-143.


Hobler, Philip M.

1978 The relationship of archaeological sites to sea levels on Moresby Island, Queen Charlotte Island. Canadian Journal of Archaeology No.2: 1-13.  

1990 Prehistory of the Central Coast of British Columbia. In Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant (gen. ed.). Volume 7, Northwest Coast. Wayne Suttles (vol. ed.): 298-305. Smithsonian Institution.


Husted, Wilfred M.

1969 Bighorn Canyon archaeology. Smithsonian Institution River Basin Surveys, Publications in Salvage Archaeology, No.12.


Irving, William N.

1953 Evidence of early tundra cultures in northern Alaska. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska, 1 (2): 55-85.  

1968 The Barren Grounds. In Science, History and Hudson Bay, Vol.I. C.S. Beals and D.A. Shenstone (eds.): 26-54. Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, Ottawa.  

1968a The Arctic Small Tool Tradition. Eighth International Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Proceedings, Vol.3: 340-342. Tokyo and Kyoto.


Ives, John W., Alwynne B. Beaudoin, and Martin P.R. Magne

1989 Evaluating the role of a western corridor in the peopling of the Americas. Paper presented at the Circum-Pacific Prehistory Conference, Seattle, August 1989.


Jelinek, A.J.

1992 Perspectives from the Old World on the habitation of the New. American Antiquity, Vol.57 (2): 345-347.


Johnson, Frederick

1946 An archaeological survey along the Alaska Highway, 1944. American Antiquity, Vol.11: 183-186.


Johnson, Frederick and Hugh M. Raup

1964 Investigations in southwest Yukon: geobotanical and archaeological reconnaissance. In Investigations in Southwest Yukon, Papers of the R.S. Peabody Foundation of Archaeology 6 (1): 1-198.


Kennedy, Clyde C.

1962 Archaic hunters in the Ottawa Valley. New Pages of Prehistory, 1961. Ontario History, LIV (2): 6 pp.- no pagination.  

1966 Preliminary report on the Morrison's Island - 6 site. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 206, Contributions to Anthropology, 1963-64, Part 1: 100-124.  

1970 The Upper Ottawa Valley. Renfrew County Council.  

(no date) The Allumette Island-1 (AL1) site. Field Report to the National Museum of Canada, 38pp. (Canadian Museum of Civilization, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Manuscript 1344).


Kenyon, Ian T.

1980 The Satchell Complex in Ontario: a perspective from the Ausable Valley. Ontario Archaeology 34: 17- 43.


Kinkade, M.D. and Wayne Suttles

1987 Plate 66. Historical Atlas of Canada, from the beginning to 1800. Volume I, R. Cole Harris (ed.).


Klein, Jeffrey, J.C. Lerman, P.E. Damon, and E.K. Ralph

1982 Calibration of radiocarbon dates: tables based on the consensus data of the Workshop on Calibrating the Radiocarbon Time Scale. Radiocarbon Vol.24 (2): 103 -150.


Knuth, Eigil

1952 An outline of the archaeology of Peary Land. Arctic, 5 (1): 17-33.


Krauss, Michael E. and Victor K. Golla

1981 Northern Athapaskan languages. In Handbook of North American Indians. William C. Sturtevant (gen. ed.). Vol.6, Subarctic. June Helm (vol. ed.): 67-85. Smithsonian Institution.


Kuijt, Ian

1989 Subsistence resource variability and culture change during the Middle-Late prehistoric cultural transition on the Canadian Plateau. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, Vol.13: 97-118.


Larsen, Helge

1968 Trail Creek: the final report on the excavation of two caves on Seward Peninsula, Alaska. Acta Artica, 15. Copenhagen.


LeBlanc, Raymond J. and John W. Ives

1986 The Bezya site: a wedge-shaped core assemblage from northeastern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, Vol.10: 59-98.


Lee, Thomas E.

1957 The antiquity of the Sheguiandah site. The Canadian Field Naturalist 71 (3): 117-137.


Leonhardy, Frank C.

1982 Archaeology of the Canadian Plateau, the view from the south. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes, 16 (1): 85 (abstract).


Levson, Vic M.

1990 Late glacial paleoenvironments in the Rocky Mountain, Jasper, Canada: implications for human habitation sites. Current Research in the Pleistocene 7: 138-140. A Peopling of the Americas Publication, Center for the Study of the First Americans, University of Maine, Orono.


Losey, Timonthy C., G. Conaty, and Dale S. Slater

(no date) Archaeological investigations at the Esker Bay site, N.W.T. Manuscript No.1455, Records Section, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Canadian Museum of Civilization.


Luternauer, J.L., John J. Claque, K.W. Conway, J.V. Barrie, B. Blaise, and R.W. Mathewes

1989 Late Pleistocene terrestrial deposits on the continental shelf of western Canada: evidence for rapid sea-level change at the end of the last glaciation. Geology, Vol.17: 357-360.


Lynch, Thomas F.

1990 Glacial-age man in South America? a critical review. American Antiquity Vol.55 (1): 12-36.


MacDonald, George F.

1969 Preliminary culture sequence from the coast Tsimshian area, British Columbia. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes 3 (2): 240-254.  

1983 Eastern North America. In Early Man in the New World, ed. Richard Shutler, Jr., Sage Publications, Beverly Hills. pp. 97-108.


MacNeish, Richard S.

1951 An archaeological reconnaissance in the Northwest Territories. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 123: 24-41.  

1953 Archaeological reconnaissance in the Mackenzie River drainage. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 128: 23-29.  

1954 The Pointed Mountain site near Fort Liard, Northwest Territories, Canada. American Antiquity, Vol.19: 234-253.  

1955 Two archaeological sites on Great Bear Lake, N.W.T.. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 136: 54-84.  

1956 The Engigstciak site on the Yukon Arctic coast. Anthropological Papers of the University of Alaska 4: 91-111.  

1959 A speculative framework for northern North American prehistory as of April 1959. Anthropologica, N.S. 1 (1): 7-23.  

1960 The Collison site in the light of archaeological survey of southwest Yukon. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 162: 1-51.  

1964 Investigations in Southwest Yukon: archaeological excavations, comparisons, and speculations. Papers of the Robert S. Peabody Foundation of Archaeology, Vol.6 (2): 201-471. Phillips Academy, Andover.


Mason, Owen

1993 News from north of the Alaska Range. Alaska Anthropological Association Newsletter, Vol.18 (2).


Mason, Ronald J.

1981 Great Lakes Archaeology. New World Archaeological Record, Academic Press.


Mason, Ronald J. and Carol Irwin

1960 An Eden-Scottsbluff burial in northeastern Wisconsin. American Antiquity, Vol.26 (1): 43-57.


Mathews, W.H.

1979 Late Quaternary environmental history affecting human habitation of the Pacific Northwest. Canadian Journal of Archaeology, No.3: 145-156.


Matson, R.G.

1976 The Glenrose Cannery site. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury Series No. 52.


Maxwell, Moreau S.

1976 Introduction. In Eastern Arctic Prehistory: Paleoeskimo Problems. Moreau S. Maxwell (ed.): 1-5. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, No.31.  

1980 Archaeology of the Arctic and Subarctic zones. Annual Review of Anthropology, 9: 161-185.  

1985 Prehistory of the Eastern Arctic. New World Archaeological Record. Academic Press.


McAndrews, J.H., K.-B. Liu, G.C. Manville, V.K. Prest, and J.- S. Vincent

1987 Environmental change after 9000 B.C., Plate 4, Historical Atlas of Canada, from the beginning to 1800, Vol.I. R. Cole Harris (ed.) and Geoffrey J. Mathews (cartographer/ designer). University of Toronto Press.


McGhee, Robert

1974 The peopling of arctic North America. In Arctic and Alpine Environments. Jack D. Ives and Roger G. Barry (eds.): 831-855.  

1975 An individual view of Canadian Eskimo prehistory. Canadian Archaeological Association, Bulletin 7: 55-75.  

1976 The Burial at L'Anse Amour. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada.  

1978 Canadian Arctic prehistory. Canadian Prehistory Series, National Museum of Man and Van Nostrand Reinhold.  

1987 The Peopling of the Arctic. Plate 11, Vol.I, Historical Atlas of Canada, from the Beginning to 1800. R. Cole Harris (ed.). University of Toronto Press.  

1989 Ancient Canada. Canadian Museum of Civilization and Libre Expression (available in French under the title "Le Canada au temps des envahisseurs").


McGhee, Robert and James A. Tuck

1975 An Archaic sequence from the Strait of Belle Isle, Labrador. National Museum of Man, Archaeological Survey of Canada, Mercury 34.


McKenna, Robert A. and John P. Cook

1968 Prehistory of Healy Lake, Alaska. VIIIth Congress of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, Vol. III: 182-184. Science Council of Japan, Tokyo.


Meltzer, David J.

1989 Why don't we know when the first people came to North America? American Antiquity, Vol.54 (3): 471-490.  

1993 Pleistocene peopling of the Americas. Evolutionary Anthropology, Vol.1 (5): 157-169.


Meltzer, David J. and Robert C. Dunnell

1987 Fluted points from the Pacific Northwest. Current Research in the Pleistocene 4: 64-67. A Peopling of the Americas Publication, Center for the Study of Early Man, University of Maine, Orono.


Millar, James F.V.

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