Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Chronology of Canadian Military History, War and the Foundation of Canada, First Peoples, New France, Colonial Period, French Indian Wars
Image Courtesy/Courtoisie of Bill Richie and/et The 
Provincial Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador
Collision of Cultures
Permanent European Settlement
New France and the Iroquois Wars
New France's Militarized Society
Clash of Empires
The Seven Years' War
The Siege of Québec
The Fall of New France
American Invasion
Native American history, First Peoples, New France, Colonial history, Colonial period, Armed forces



Five centuries after the Vikings, Europeans returned to North American seeking fish, furs, and land.

During the 1500s, European fishermen, whalers, traders, adventurers, and explorers visited the eastern seaboard of North America in search of economic gain. By the early 1600s, the lucrative fur trade attracted permanent French settlement. Samuel de Champlain founded what is now Québec City in 1608, after which French settlement spread gradually throughout the St. Lawrence River valley. While fishermen and whalers had generally co-operated with First Peoples in exchanging goods, permanent European settlement and involvement in the fur trade with Hurons and Algonkians soon led the French to join these nations in their war with the Iroquois Confederacy.

European Settlement, Samuel de Champlain

NL- 8759

Canadian War Museum
1 Vimy Place
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0M8