Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Canada and the 
Second World War
The World Crisis
Canada goes to War
Canada at Britain's side
The Battle of the Atlantic
Canada's War at sea
The War comes to Canada
The Battle for Hong Kong
Disaster at Dieppe
The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan
Bomber Command
The Royal Canadian Air Force
The Home Front
The Italian Campaign
Canada at D-Day
The Normandy Campaign
Liberating Northwest Europe
The War against Japan
Forced Relocation: the Japanese-Canadian Story
Going Home
Counting the Cost
A Nation Transformed



More than 42,000 Canadians lost their lives as a result of the Second World War.

Canada played a strong role in defeating the Axis powers. The price of victory was high: approximately 23,000 Canadians laid down their lives serving in the army, 17,000 in the air force, 2000 in the navy and 1600 in the merchant navy. Another 54,000 Canadians were wounded and thousands would be physically impaired or psychologically scarred for life. Over 700 Newfoundlanders also died during the war.

Canadian war cemeteries around the world bear testimony to their sacrifice. “At the going down of the sun, and in the morning, we shall remember them.” All Canadians owe the nation’s war dead the debt of remembrance.

photo by Serge Durflinger

World War 2 death toll
Canadian War Museum
1 Vimy Place
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0M8