responded to the outbreak of war with
Japan by significantly strengthening
its Pacific coastal defences, ultimately
stationing more than 30,000 troops, 14
air force squadrons, and over 20 warships
in British Columbia. Canadian forces
also co-operated with the United States
in clearing the Japanese from the Aleutian
islands off Alaska. Before Japan surrendered
in August 1945, a Canadian cruiser, H.M.C.S.
Uganda, participated in Pacific naval
operations, two Royal Canadian Air Force
(R.C.A.F.) transport squadrons flew supplies
in India and Burma, and communications
specialists served in Australia.