experienced industrial transformation
and a booming economy during the war.
New technologies and manufacturing principles
produced enormous quantities of military
supplies. By 1942, there was full employment
as hundreds of thousands of Canadian
men and women found work in war industries.
The legal position of organized labour
improved. Ottawa instituted major social
programs such as unemployment insurance
(1940) and family allowances (1944).
As a result of its enormous military
contribution during the war, Canada also
became recognized as an important and
assertive international actor, increasingly
pursuing its own path in foreign policy.
Experiences at home and overseas during
the Second World War advanced Canadians’
sense of identity.