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Birth of the Navy (1909-1914)
HMCS Rainbow

One of the Naval Service of Canada's first two ships, HMCS Rainbow's duties included the training of sailors and maintaining a naval presence on Canada's Pacific coast. Small and inexpensive to operate, Rainbow was well suited to these purposes, but limited budgets still constrained the ship's activities.

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HMCS Rainbow Arriving at Esquimalt, British Columbia, 1910
HMCS Rainbow Arriving at Esquimalt, British Columbia, 1910

The arrival of the first Canadian naval vessel on the west coast occasioned ceremony and celebration.

HMCS Rainbow steamed past Esquimalt's characteristic lighthouse (centre right) on 7 November 1910 before firing a 21-gun salute. Esquimalt, formerly an important Pacific port for the Royal Navy, had shrunk in significance for the British as they concentrated ships and other naval resources in the United Kingdom. Rainbow's arrival marked the start of the Canadian navy's century-long presence in force along Canada's Pacific coast.

George Metcalf Archival Collection
CWM 19790602-053

HMCS Rainbow Arriving at Esquimalt, British Columbia, 1910
HMCS Rainbow's Officers Greeting Dignitaries
HMS Shearwater and HMCS Rainbow at Esquimalt, 7 November 1910
Gun Practice aboard HMCS Rainbow
Mess Deck, HMCS Rainbow, around 1910
Walter Hose, Commander of HMCS Rainbow
Ship's Wheel, HMCS Rainbow
HMCS Rainbow Sailors and Capstan
Naval Service of Canada Recruitment Poster
HMCS Rainbow "Cleared for Action"
14-inch Mark IX Torpedo