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Interwar Years
The 1930s: Rebuilding the Royal Canadian Navy

Despite the severe financial climate of the Great Depression and political infighting, the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) survived mainly as a coastal defence force. This period also saw the delivery of the first major warships designed and built for the RCN.

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Calgary Half Company, RCNVR, 1938
Calgary Half Company, RCNVR, 1938

The Calgary half company of the Royal Canadian Naval Volunteer Reserve (RCNVR) poses for a formal portrait in 1938.

Starting in 1923, the RCNVR established units called "companies" or "divisions" across the country, with some communities like Calgary having smaller units called "half companies" or "half divisions". This practice helped give the Royal Canadian Navy a national presence even when its fleet had been reduced to a bare minimum. Even in provinces like Alberta without an ocean coastline, interest in the RCNVR was usually strong.

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CFB Esquimalt Naval and Military Museum





Launching HMCS Saguenay, July 1930
HMCS Saguenay, 1931
Model, HMCS Skeena
Engineer Captain Thomas C. Phillips
Destroyer Steam Turbine Engine
HMCS Skeena Plans
HMCS Saguenay Entering Willemstad Harbour, Netherlands Antilles, 1934
Torpedo Test Firing
Full-dress Uniform, Commander Frank Llewellyn Houghton
Sun Helmet, Horatio Nelson Lay
Commissioning of HMCS Fraser, February 1937
HMCS Restigouche
Royal Naval College of Canada Third Term Reunion, 1932
Sword of Honour, Robert Montague Powell
Model, HMCS Venture
Calgary Half Company, RCNVR, 1938
"Crossing the Line" Certificate, 1938