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Second World War
Battle of the Atlantic  - U-Boats and Convoys

The struggle between German U-Boats (submarines) and Allied convoys was the core of the battle of the Atlantic. U-Boats sought to destroy Allied merchant vessels and warships, while Allied convoys sought to transport food, supplies, weapons, and personnel across the Atlantic.

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White Ensign, HMCS Arrowhead
White Ensign, HMCS Arrowhead

This battered White Ensign from the corvette HMCS Arrowhead testifies to the North Atlantic's atrocious weather.

Although this flag appears to have been through a battle, the damage is the result of wind and water, which have torn seams and frayed fabric. Before the switch to flags printed on nylon fabric, flags were made of strips of coloured cloth sewn together in the necessary patterns. This flag, damaged during a storm, was kept by Arthur Statham, who served aboard Arrowhead. From 1910 until 1965, Royal Canadian Navy ships flew the same white ensign as Britain's Royal Navy.

White Naval Ensign
CWM 19680136-001





Corvette Bridge
Cargo Ship in Convoy
On Escort Duty
HMCS Barrie
HMCS Chambly Model
HMCS Clayoquot , Bangor class Minesweeper
Model, HMCS Swansea
Merchant Aircraft Carrier (MAC) at Sea
"Taking a ?Green One'"
Fog
White Ensign, HMCS Arrowhead
Duffle Coat
John Doyle, HMCS Digby
Service Dress and Cap, Leading Seaman John Doyle
Corvette Mess Deck, His Majesty's Canadian Ship North Bay
U-190 Model
U-190's Crew, September 1942
U-889's Forward Torpedo Compartment
U-889 Running at Periscope Depth
The Sinking of the SS Winnipeg II
Torpedo Damage to HMCS Chebogue
HMCS Trillium Crowded with Survivors
Depth Charge Explosion
U-744 Being Boarded