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Second World War
Battle of the Atlantic  - Weapons and Technology

Combatants in the battle of the Atlantic relied on weapons and technology to attack the enemy, to defend themselves, to communicate, and to rescue friends and foes.

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Gyroscopic Compass
Gyroscopic Compass

Gyroscopic compasses, or gyrocompasses, rely on a rapidly spinning gyroscope. They offer several advantages over traditional magnetic compasses, which rely on the earth's magnetic field.

Because of their steadiness and accuracy, gyrocompasses helped warships to search for and attack submarines. They also allowed the use of more advanced anti-submarine weapons. Master compasses like the example shown here could, in addition, send compass information to "repeaters" at various locations throughout a ship. Canadian corvettes did not start receiving gyrocompasses until mid-war. Until then, they had relied on magnetic compasses, which reduced their effectiveness as escorts and anti-submarine vessels.

Gyroscopic Compass
CWM 19750283-001





4-inch Naval Gun and Mounting
.5-inch Vickers Mk III Heavy Machine-gun
"Pom-Pom" Anti-Aircraft Gun, HMCS Kamloops
Anti-Aircraft Gun and Crew in Action
Depth Charge and Thrower
Hedgehog Anti-submarine Projectile
Squid Anti-submarine Mortar
"Squid Explosion", HMCS Copper Cliff
ASDIC Hut
Protection
Medium Frequency Direction Finding Loop
Binnacle, HMCS Swansea
Gyroscopic Compass
Sextant
Taffrail Log
Wheel House
Fueling Mid Atlantic
German Signal Lamp
W/T Operator and Messenger
"Mae West" Life Belts, HMCS St. Laurent
Royal Canadian Navy Life Vest
Royal Canadian Navy Lifeboat Bailer
Lee-Enfield Line-throwing Rifle