Consolidated B-24 Liberators, Gander, Newfoundland
Land-based air power, provided by aircraft like the Liberators from the Royal Canadian Air Force's Eastern Air Command seen here, proved vital in the Allied battle against German submarines.
Aircraft could attack submarines, damaging or destroying them. The mere presence of aircraft also drove submarines under the surface, which limited their mobility and their ability to intercept Allied ships. Aircraft modified to Very Long Range (VLR) standards, like these Liberators, could operate over the middle of the Atlantic where, in mid-1943, they played a significant role in defeating German submarines operating as groups called "wolf packs".
George Metcalf Archival Collection