- Place of Use Continent - North America, Country - Canada
- Category Communication artifacts
- Sub-category Personal symbol
- Department Arms and Technology
- Museum CWM
- Earliest 1919/12/01
- Latest 1919/12/31
- Inscription 718937. PTE P. LARIVIERE; STERLING; 3
- Support loose
- Materials Sterling silver, Silkworm silk
- Rank Private
- Service Component Canadian Expeditionary Force
- Unit 107th Canadian Infantry Battalion
- Person / Institution Subject, Lariviere, Private Philip James
- Measurements Length 42.0 cm, Width 3.2 cm, Thickness 0.2 cm
- Caption Memorial Cross
- Additional Information The Memorial Cross, also known as the Silver Cross, was first created in 1919 for the mothers and widows of Canadian military personnel who died in service. This one was presented in honour of Private Philip Lariviere, a Metis soldier from Camperville, Manitoba, killed on 11 August 1918 while serving with the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles. Lariviere and many other First Nations volunteers from across Western Canada had enlisted in the 107th Battalion in 1916. Overseas, the unit was converted to a pioneer battalion and many individual soldiers were sent to reinforce other units.
- Caption Philip (James) LARIVIÈRE
- Additional Information Born in 1895 at St. Pierre, Manitoba, Larivière enlisted in March 1916 in the 107th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), arrived in England in September 1916, and subsequently transferred to the 1st Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles in December. Recovered from wounds he received in April 1917, Larivière returned to his battalion in March 1918. He died of gunshot wounds in August.
- Caption Medals Project- Lariviere, Phillip James
Philip James Larivière was born in St. Pierre, Manitoba, on 25 December 1895.
A farmer, he enlisted in the 107th Battalion in Winnipeg, Manitoba, on 21 March 1916. After initial training in Canada, Larivière sailed to England with his unit on SS Olympic, arriving on 25 September 1916. In England, he was rotated through a number of units before finally being transferred, on 5 December 1916, to the 1st Canadian Mounted Rifles for service in France. He joined the unit in the field on 14 February 1917.
On 11 April 1917, Larivière was admitted to No. 3 Canadian General Hospital in France with gunshot wounds to his thigh and arm. He was discharged from hospital a month later and returned to his unit in March 1918. On 10 August 1918, Larivière was wounded in the chest by a German shrapnel shell during an attack in front of the village of Hangard, in France. He died the following day at No. 5 Casualty Clearing Station.
Philip James Larivière is buried in Crouy British Cemetery, Crouy-sur-Somme, France.