- Place of Use Continent - North America, Country - Canada
- Category Communication artifacts
- Sub-category Personal symbol
- Department Arms and Technology
- Museum CWM
- Earliest 1917/03/26
- Latest 1919/09/01
- Inscription (Cap badge) CITY OF REGINA OVERSEARS BATTALION 195 SASKATCHEWAN CANADA; (Cap badge): OVERSEAS 44 BATTALION CANADA; (memorial plaque): :HE DIED FOR FREEDOM AND HONOUR NORMAN HOWARD PAWLEY
- Support frame
- Materials Silver, Native copper, Silkworm silk, Bronze, Wood
- Rank Lieutenant
- Service Component Canadian Expeditionary Force
- Unit 44th Canadian Infantry Battalion
- Person / Institution Subject, Pawley , M.C., Lieutenant Norman Howard
- Measurements Height 33.0 cm, Width 28.0 cm, Depth 1.6 cm
- Caption Norman Howard PAWLEY, MC
- Additional Information Born in 1889 in Peel County, Ontario, Pawley enlisted in the 195th Overseas Battalion in March 1916. Once in France, he was taken on strength of the 44th Battalion in November 1916 and was awarded the Military Cross (MC) on 23 March 1917. He was wounded during the attack on Vimy Ridge, and killed in action three days later.
- Caption Medal Set, Lieutenant Norman Howard Pawley, MC, 44th Canadian Infantry Battalion
- Additional Information Pawley's family assembled this material to commemorate his sacrifice during the war. 1. Military Cross. 2. British War Medal 1914-1920 & Victory Medal 1914-1919. 3. Memorial Plaque. 4. Cap badges for the 195th & 44th Overseas Battalions. 5. Memorial cross.
- Caption Medals Project- Pawley, Norman Howard
Norman Howard Pawley was born in Peel County, Ontario, on 18 December 1889. He was the son of William Henry and Margaret Pawley.
Pawley worked in the field of agricultural science before the war. On 3 May 1916, he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the 195th Infantry Battalion in Regina, Saskatchewan. After initial training in Canada, Pawley and his unit sailed to England on SS Empress of Britain, embarking in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 31 October 1916.
Pawley’s battalion disembarked in Liverpool on 11 November 1916. Upon arrival in England, it was absorbed into the 32nd Reserve Battalion. Reserve battalions provided reinforcements to Canadian units already in the field, and Pawley was eventually sent to the 44th Battalion. In France, he was awarded the Military Cross for his actions during a raid on a German trench.
While taking part in his battalion’s attack on German positions on the Pimple (the highest point on Vimy Ridge) on 12 April 1917, Pawley was wounded in the head and shoulder by shrapnel. He died before his comrades could get him to a dressing station. That day, the 44th and 50th battalions successfully captured the last German strongholds on the highest points of Vimy Ridge. The 44th Battalion took 77 prisoners and captured four machine guns and three minenwerfers (mortars) in the process.
Norman Howard Pawley is buried in Villers Station Cemetery, Villers-au-Bois, France.
“For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty during a raid on the enemy’s trenches. He led his party with great dash, and personally captured an enemy machine gun. Later, he captured and brought in a prisoner.”
– London Gazette, 23 March 1917, Supplement 30001