Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Chronology of Canadian Military History, War and the Foundation of Canada, First Peoples, New France, Colonial Period, French Indian Wars
Image Courtesy/Courtoisie of Bill Richie and/et The 
Provincial Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador
Collision of Cultures
Permanent European Settlement
New France and the Iroquois Wars
New France's Militarized Society
Clash of Empires
The Seven Years' War
The Siege of Québec
The Fall of New France
American Invasion
Native American history, First Peoples, New France, Colonial history, Colonial period, Armed forces



British troops occupied the remainder of New France, which became a British colony in 1763.

The French and Canadien survivors of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham escaped to Montréal. They returned in April 1760 and defeated the British at St. Foy, driving them back behind the fortifications of Québec. The arrival of a British fleet in May forced the French and Canadiens to retreat. That summer, three British armies converged on Montreal. One came from Quebec, another sailed up Lake Champlain, a third came down the Upper St. Lawrence. With no hope of reinforcements from Europe, the French surrendered on 8 September.

The Anglo-French struggle for supremacy in North America was almost over. In 1763, the Treaty of Paris ended the war and ceded New France to Britain. This marked a crucial turning point in Canadian history.

NAC/ANC C- 011043
Adam Sherriff Scott Estate

Fall of New France, Battle of the Plains of Abraham, Treaty of Paris
Canadian War Museum
1 Vimy Place
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0M8