Shingwaukonse was a veteran of Tecumseh’s coalition and chief of the Anishnaabe of Garden River, located in Upper Canada, near Sault Ste. Marie, in present-day Ontario. He and other leaders used diplomacy to try to secure economic and political independence for their communities following the War of 1812.
Dick Pine Fonds, Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre, Algoma University, Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario