Operations staff of the 1st Canadian Army Tank Brigade, Rottingdean, England 1942-1943.
The Second World War was fought over vast distances, with airpower
and technology playing crucial parts. Both sides tried to avoid the
stalemates of the First World War, and usually succeeded. Yet in
or urban street fighting, or in intense air or naval
battles, casualties could be every bit as heavy as they had been in
the earlier war. Scientists attempted to provide admirals and
generals with war-winning inventions, and in long campaigns such as
the Battle of the Atlantic and the Allied strategic bombing
offensive, the advantage swung from one side to the other as new
technology was introduced. In the Normandy landings, in the
Mediterranean and in the American island-hopping operations in the
South Pacific, the co-operation of naval, military and air forces
contributed vitally to success.