Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Canada and the 
First World War
The First World War
The Canadian Expeditionary Force
Vimy Ridge
Recruitment and Conscription
The Canadian Corps: Spearhead to Victory
Canadians on other Fronts
Canada and the Air War
Canada and the War at Sea
The Aftermath
Canada between the Wars
Canada in World Affairs



Throughout the 1920s and most of the 1930s, Canadian governments kept military spending to a minimum.

Many people believed that the First World War had been the ‘war to end all wars’. This view, combined with budgetary restraints, led Canada to reduce its military forces to fewer than 5000 full-time military personnel. For a time, the Royal Canadian Navy consisted of only two ocean-going ships while the Royal Canadian Air Force, created in 1924, performed mainly civilian duties such as aerial mapping and forestry protection. There was little pay and even less equipment for part-time military reservists.

During the economic catastrophe brought by the Great Depression of the 1930s, Canadians worried more about their jobs and families than the state of the armed forces. Without obvious enemies, why spend scarce resources on the military?

World War 1, World War 2

Courtesy/Courtoisie KOCR museum

Canadian War Museum
1 Vimy Place
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0M8