Glossary   |   Detailed Search   |   About Democracy at War     
Democracy at War: The Collection of World War II Newspaper Articles  
Canadian Newspapers and the Second World War
Introduction to WW2 History Canada and the War Battles and Operations The Holocaust
  - Politics and Government
  - Parliament
  - William Lyon Mackenzie King
  - Conscription
  - The War Economy and Controls
  - Munitions
  - Shipping and Shipbuilding
  - Aircraft Production
  - C.D. Howe
  - Agriculture
  - Wage and Price Controls
  - Life on the Homefront
  - Women and the War on the Home Front
  - The Family Allowances
  - Salvage
  - Veterans and Veterans' Programmes
  - Hamilton, Ont.; a City at War
  - Montréal, Quebec; a City at War
  - Axis Prisoners in Canada
  - The Canadian Armed Forces
  - The Royal Canadian Navy
  - The Canadian Army
  - The Royal Canadian Air Force
  -Francophone Units
  - The Air Training Plan
  - Casualties
  - Canadian Prisoners of the Axis Powers
  - Demobilization
  - VE Day
  - The Halifax Riots

Post-War Planning

  Search the Newspaper Archives     
Search for :
Find :

Appearing :
Detailed Search
Canada and the War
Assembly of Consolidated 'Canso' A flying boat at Canadian Vickers Ltd., Montreal, Que., April 1944. - Photo :  National Film Board - NFB NEG WRM-4219, CWM Reference Photo Collection
Assembly of Consolidated 'Canso' A flying boat at Canadian Vickers Ltd., Montreal, P.Q., April 1944.
Photo : National Film Board

The War Economy and Controls: Aircraft Production

During the Second World War, the Canadian aircraft industry grew to employ nearly 116,000 workers, 30,000 of whom were women. It delivered 16,418 aircraft to fill Allied orders, chiefly from Britain and the United States, but also for use by the RCAF and BCATP. Before the war, there had been only eight small plants in the entire country, making about forty aeroplanes annually.

The federal government was the industry's parent and guardian angel. The Aircraft Production Branch of the Department of Munitions and Supply sought out orders. Crown companies, Victory Aircraft Limited and Federal Aircraft Limited, were created to ensure speedy and efficient production. Sub-contracts for aircraft parts went to firms with no experience in aircraft manufacture, such as Cockshutt Plow of Brantford, Ont., which made hydraulics, and Otaco Limited of Orillia, Ont., which designed and manufactured undercarriages. The famous Avro Lancaster bomber rolled off the assembly line at Malton, Ont., now the site of Lester B. Pearson International Airport.

Related Newspaper Articles

English Articles

French Articles