1904, Ottawa, moved to ‘Canadianize’
the militia, replacing the British General
Officer Commanding with a Canadian appointee.
The army became more self-reliant with
the addition of medical, signals, ordnance,
service, and engineer elements. Canada
formally standardized its military training
and most equipment along British lines,
although weapons remained few and often
obsolete. With growing tensions in Europe,
defence spending rose, militia training
accelerated, and the authorized strength
of the Permanent Force increased to 4000.
also improved its coastal defences and,
after much debate, in 1910 created the
Royal Canadian Navy consisting of two
training cruisers, His Majesty’s
Canadian Ships (H.M.C.S.) Niobe and Rainbow.