Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Canada within the Empire
NAC/ANC C-18,737
British North America
The War of 1812: Invasion Repelled
The War of 1812: Canada Saved
Fortifying Canada
Rebellions in the Canadas
The Fenian Raids
Confederation and Expansion
Creating a Standing Army
Developing the Canadian Nation
The Northwest Campaign
Canada and Imperialism
The South African War
Military Reform


1813-1814 : Canada Saved

Every American invasion ended in defeat.

In October 1813, Lieutenant-Colonel Charles de Salaberry and 460 troops, mostly French- Canadian voltigeurs (light infantry), turned back 4000 American invaders along the Châteauguay River, south of Montréal. British regulars defeated a second American column at Crysler’s Farm, in eastern Ontario.

Bitter fighting along the Niagara frontier, an American attack on Toronto in 1813, and American naval successes on Lake Champlain in 1814 did little to affect the military situation. In December 1814, Britain and the United States signed the Treaty of Ghent and returned all captured territory.

Canadians took justifiable pride in their role in the war, but Canada’s security had been preserved mainly by well-trained British regulars.

War of 1812, 1813

Courtesy Chàteau Ramezay Museum/
Courtoisie Musée du Chàteau Ramezay

Canadian War Museum
1 Vimy Place
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0M8