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Second World War
Battle of the Atlantic  - The U-Boats Surrender

With Germany's defeat in May 1945, its U-Boats (submarines) were required to surrender to Allied forces. The Royal Canadian Navy was involved in the surrender of U-Boats in European waters, while U-190 and U-889, surrendering to Canadian forces in the Western Atlantic, were brought to ports in Newfoundland and Nova Scotia.

U-889's Bridge Superstructure
U-889's Bridge Superstructure

Often called the conning tower, this structure provided an open bridge for commanding the submarine on the surface, as well as space for the mounting of various types of weapons and equipment.

Anti-aircraft guns are visible in the foreground and centre right. Standing vertically on the right is the submarine's Schnorkel, which allowed it to operate on its diesel engines while running below the surface, greatly extending its underwater range and helping it to avoid detection. Both were responses to the threat of Allied aircraft. Two cylinders (bottom) contained inflatable life rafts.

George Metcalf Archival Collection
CWM 20010066-043_8

15 U-Boats Surrender, Loch Eriboll
Surrendered U-Boats at Lisahally, Northern Ireland
U-570 Sailor's Cap
The Surrender of U-190, 1945
U-190 Surrender Document
U-190 and Canadian Escort
German Prisoners Leaving Their U-Boat, Bay Bulls, Newfoundland
MP28/2 Sub-machine Gun
Equipment Plates from U-190
U-190's Starglobe
U-190 Pennant
Under Canadian Control
U-889's Crew
Inside U-889
U-889's Control Room
U-889's Aft Torpedo Room
U-889's Stern
U-889's Bridge Superstructure