Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Chronology of Canadian Military History, War and the Foundation of Canada, First Peoples, New France, Colonial Period, French Indian Wars
Image Courtesy/Courtoisie of Bill Richie and/et The 
Provincial Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador
Collision of Cultures
Permanent European Settlement
New France and the Iroquois Wars
New France's Militarized Society
Clash of Empires
The Seven Years' War
The Siege of Québec
The Fall of New France
American Invasion
Native American history, First Peoples, New France, Colonial history, Colonial period, Armed forces



Major wars between France and Britain spread to North America.

When Anglo-French economic and colonial rivalries led to war, the soldiers of New France defended their homes and launched daring raids all along the frontier between the French and British colonies. In 1713, after its defeat in the War of the Spanish Succession, France ceded much of Acadia (now New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island) to Britain and abandoned its claims to Newfoundland.

France retained Cape Breton Island where, between 1720 and 1745, it built the fortress of Louisbourg to protect French shipping and fisheries in the western Atlantic and Gulf of St. Lawrence. In response, the British established a naval base at Halifax in 1749. By this time, the population of Britain’s North American colonies exceeded one million, compared to 65,000 in New France.

NAC/ANC C- 2644

New France, War of the Spanish Succession, Acadia, Louisbourg
Canadian War Museum
1 Vimy Place
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0M8