Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Chronology of Canadian Military History, War and the Foundation of Canada, First Peoples, New France, Colonial Period, French Indian Wars
Image Courtesy/Courtoisie of Bill Richie and/et The 
Provincial Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador
Collision of Cultures
Permanent European Settlement
New France and the Iroquois Wars
New France's Militarized Society
Clash of Empires
The Seven Years' War
The Siege of Québec
The Fall of New France
American Invasion
Native American history, First Peoples, New France, Colonial history, Colonial period, Armed forces



A militia system of civilian soldiers was a basic feature of society in New France.

Threatened by Iroquois and British attacks, the French in Canada created a society organized for war. By the 1650s, settlers and traders had built wooden palisades and organized tiny militias to defend their settlements at Québec City, Montréal, and Trois-Rivières. In 1669, Louis XIV, King of France, required all Canadien males aged 16 to 60 to join militia companies and undergo military training. Learning from their Huron and Algonkian allies, these civilian soldiers used canoes, snowshoes, moccasins, and leggings, and the hit-and-run tactics of “la petite guerre.” Supported by First Peoples allies and a small garrison of professional soldiers, the Canadien militia formed the backbone of the colony’s military forces until the Seven Years’ War (1756-1763).

New France, Louis XIV

NAC/ANC C- 1854

New France, Louis XIV
Canadian War Museum
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