Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Chronology of Canadian Military History, War and the Foundation of Canada, First Peoples, New France, Colonial Period, French Indian Wars
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Provincial Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador
Collision of Cultures
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New France and the Iroquois Wars
New France's Militarized Society
Clash of Empires
The Seven Years' War
The Siege of Québec
The Fall of New France
American Invasion
Native American history, First Peoples, New France, Colonial history, Colonial period, Armed forces



Québec City surrendered to the British following the Battle of the Plains of Abraham.

In June 1759, the British navy transported Major-General James Wolfe and a powerful army to Québec. Unable to overcome the city’s tenacious garrison, steep cliffs, and stone walls, Wolfe bombarded Québec for two months. On the verge of failure, the British noticed a small cove three kilometres west of the city walls. Wolfe and 4800 troops landed undetected there on the night of 13 September 1759. They scaled the cliffs and advanced to the Plains of Abraham. The Marquis de Montcalm, the French commander, left a strong position just outside the city and fought them with an army of 4500 French regulars, Canadiens, and First Peoples. The British won following an intense, 30-minute battle. Both Montcalm and Wolfe were mortally wounded. Québec surrendered five days later.

Battle of the Plains of Abraham, Major-General James Wolfe

NAC/ANC C- 139911

Canadian War Museum
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