Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Chronology of Canadian Military History, War and the Foundation of Canada, First Peoples, New France, Colonial Period, French Indian Wars
Image Courtesy/Courtoisie of Bill Richie and/et The 
Provincial Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador
Collision of Cultures
Permanent European Settlement
New France and the Iroquois Wars
New France's Militarized Society
Clash of Empires
The Seven Years' War
The Siege of Québec
The Fall of New France
American Invasion
Native American history, First Peoples, New France, Colonial history, Colonial period, Armed forces



The Seven Years’ War determined the fate of New France.

Seeking new land for settlement, the expanding population of Britain’s North American colonies pushed over the Appalachian Mountains into the Ohio River valley. Alarmed by this intrusion, the French and First Peoples expelled the settlers in 1754 and an undeclared war broke out between the French and British colonies. Beginning in 1755, Britain and France sent thousands of professional soldiers to North America. In 1756, fighting began in Europe and both nations formally declared war.

Despite several impressive Canadien, French, and First Peoples victories in the Ohio valley, along Lake Ontario, and near Lake Champlain, the tide of war gradually shifted in favour of Britain. British naval forces isolated New France while a British army attacked Louisbourg in 1758. It surrendered after a seven-week siege, leaving Québec vulnerable.

First Peoples, Seven Years War

NAC/ANC C- 5907

Canadian War Museum
1 Vimy Place
Ottawa, Ontario
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