Chronology of Canadian Military History Canadian Military History, Colonial Period, New France, First Peoples, Seven Years War, French Indian War Canadian Military History, British North America, American Invasion, War of 1812, Dominion of Canada, Riel Rebellion, South African War Canadian Military History, World War 1 History, 1914-1918, Canadian Armed Forces, conscription Canadian Military History, World War 2, 1939-1945, Battle of the Atlantic, conscription, invasion, Dday, Normandy, Germany, axis, allies, Hong Kong, Dieppe 1946-today
Chronology of Canadian Military History, War and the Foundation of Canada, First Peoples, New France, Colonial Period, French Indian Wars
Image Courtesy/Courtoisie of Bill Richie and/et The 
Provincial Museum of Newfoundland and Labrador
Collision of Cultures
Permanent European Settlement
New France and the Iroquois Wars
New France's Militarized Society
Clash of Empires
The Seven Years' War
The Siege of Québec
The Fall of New France
American Invasion
Native American history, First Peoples, New France, Colonial history, Colonial period, Armed forces



A century of brutal warfare raged between the Iroquois Confederacy and the French colonists.

In support of his Huron and Algonkian trading partners, Samuel de Champlain shot and killed two Iroquois chiefs in 1609 at Ticonderoga, near the lake that now bears his name. This incident helped touch off a long, bitter war between the French and the Iroquois Confederacy, comprised of the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk. The Iroquois, like many of North America’s First Peoples, possessed a strong military organization and, through skilful use of ambush and knowledge of the terrain, nearly destroyed New France in the first half of the 1600s.

After close to a century of warfare involving heavy loss of life on both sides, the Treaty of Montreal in 1701 established peace between the Iroquois and New France.

New France, Iroquois Wars, Samuel de Champlain

NAC/ANC C- 5750

Canadian War Museum
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Ottawa, Ontario
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