French and Canadien survivors of the
Battle of the Plains of Abraham escaped
to Montréal. They returned in
April 1760 and defeated the British at
St. Foy, driving them back behind the
fortifications of Québec. The
arrival of a British fleet in May forced
the French and Canadiens to retreat.
That summer, three British armies converged
on Montreal. One came from Quebec, another
sailed up Lake Champlain, a third came
down the Upper St. Lawrence. With no
hope of reinforcements from Europe, the
French surrendered on 8 September.
Anglo-French struggle for supremacy in
North America was almost over. In 1763,
the Treaty of Paris ended the war and
ceded New France to Britain. This marked
a crucial turning point in Canadian history.