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Enemy Aliens – Internment in Canada, 1914–1920

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The safety and security of visitors remain a top priority. Our travelling exhibitions have been adapted to respect physical distancing and other public health measures.


A TRAVELLING EXHIBITION DEVELOPED BY THE CANADIAN WAR MUSEUM IN PARTNERSHIP WITH THE UKRAINIAN CANADIAN CIVIL LIBERTIES FOUNDATION.

During the First World War, national security fears and wartime prejudice drove the policy of internment, which lasted until 1920. During this time, Canada interned 8,579 people identified as “enemy aliens”, mainly Ukrainian and German immigrants, across a network of 24 camps.

“Enemy alien” was the term used to describe citizens of states legally at war with the British Empire, and who resided in Canada during the war. These included immigrants from the German Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria. They could be interned for a number of reasons, including unemployment, attempting to leave Canada and failing to abide by government regulations.

Using photographs drawn from Canadian archival collections one hundred years later, this exhibition explore internment operations and the experiences of the internees: who they were, the conditions they endured and the legacy they left behind.

Where is this exhibition travelling?

Location Dates
Musée Héritage Museum, St. Albert November 26, 2019 – January 19, 2020
Galt Museum and Archives, Lethbridge February 8, 2020 – May 3, 2020
Ukrainian Museum of Canada, Saskatchewan June 1, 2020 – October 3, 2020
Vernon Museum and Archives, Vernon October 19, 2020 – January 4, 2021

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